Arch Hellen Med, 32(1), January-February 2015, 45-53
Investigation of the level of information and preoperative anxiety in thoracosurgical patients –
A. Patelarou,1 P. Belesi,2 C. Tsiou3
OBJECTIVE Investigation of the level of preoperative information of thoracosurgical patients and their preoperative anxiety.
METHOD A cross-sectional study was conducted based on the Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Information Satisfaction Questionnaire (ISQ). The questionnaires were administered by personal interview to 50 patients in two Thoracosurgical Departments in the "Sotiria" Hospital of Chest Diseases.
RESULTS More than half of the participants stated that they were satisfied or very satisfied with the information they had been given, and 50% that they would like to receive all available information and participate in the clinical decision making. The patients stated that they were less satisfied with the information regarding the type and the choices of the available kinds of treatment and their way of life. Patients who had experienced more than two previous surgical procedures had lower levels of permanent anxiety than those who had never undergone a surgical procedure (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS Provision of appropriate preoperative information to patients and their satisfaction contribute to reduction of pre-operative anxiety and promote effective communication between patients and health professional. Alleviation of preoperative anxiety should be a major priority in the field of perioperative care.
Key words: Information, Patient, Preoperative anxiety, Preoperative stress, Thoracosurgical procedures.