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Arch Hellen Med, 38(3), May-June 2021, 351-359


The relationship between job satisfaction and the intention of oncology nurses to leave their profession

C. Platis,1 N. Papadopoulou,1 A.E. Raptis,2 P. Theofilou,3 G. Intas,4 A. Bozikis5
1School of Social Sciences, Hellenic Open University, Patra,
2Department of Economics, School of Economics and Political Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens,
3General Direction of Health, Ministry of Health, Athens,
4"Agios Panteleimon" General State Hospital of Nikaia, Pireus,
5Department of Economics, University of Pireus, Pireus, Greece

OBJECTIVE To measure the job satisfaction of oncology nurses, and to investigate the causes of job dissatisfaction, such as burnout syndrome and employee exhaustion and the intention of the nurses to leave the profession.

METHOD A survey was conducted with a population of oncology nurses (n=278) working in one general and three specialized hospitals of the Greek National Health System in the region of Attica. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire, and analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, v. 24.0, using descriptive and inductive statistics, factor analysis and principal component analysis.

RESULTS A moderate degree of job satisfaction was recorded, with a positive correlation with working conditions. Significant statistical correlation was demonstrated of job satisfaction with occupational safety, comfort in the professional environment and equal distribution of workload, while the salary was shown to be the main parameter of dissatisfaction.

CONCLUSIONS In the nursing profession, and especially for the oncology nurses, the job satisfaction index is a matter of major importance, which plays an important role in the rational functioning of oncology departments and the provision of high quality health services. This index is directly related to the degree of efficiency and dedication of the nurses and affects their staying in the profession and in the oncology department.

Key words: Burnout syndrome, Intention to leave the profession, Job satisfaction, Oncology nurses.

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