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Arch Hellen Med, 37(2), March-April 2019, 254-263


Revising hip fracture rehabilitation in the elderly

Y. Dionyssiotis,1 A. Kapsokoulou,2 E. Samlidi,3 J. Papathanasiou4
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, European Interbalkan Medical Center, Thessaloniki,
2School of Medicine, University of Patras, Rio, Patras,
3School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece,
4Section of Kinesiotherapy and Physiotherapy, Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria

A 30-year study in Greece showed that the incidence of hip fractures due to osteoporosis has tripled over this period. Hip fractures are usually due to a traumatic event, and require surgical intervention to fix the fracture or to replace the hip joint. The subject may have been previously healthy or may be a patient suffering from osteoporosis or other co-morbidities that will affect the final prognosis. The principles of hip fracture rehabilitation advocate multifactorial intervention, with a combination of professional medical, social and educational activities designed to retrain the individual to the highest possible level of functionality. The goals of rehabilitation are relief from pain, prevention of cardiopulmonary complications, prophylaxis from deep vein thrombosis, achievement of the maximum range of joint motion, strengthening the weakened hip muscles, and improvement of the self-care abilities of the individual. Pharmacological treatment with bisphosphonates, vitamin D and calcium is recommended to help prevent subsequent fractures.

Key words: Elderly, Hip fracture, Postoperative complications, Rehabilitation.

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